Alma 21 – 42

Now, when Ammon and his brethren separated themselves in the borders of the land of the Lamanites, behold Aaron took his journey towards the land which was called by the Lamanites, Jerusalem, calling it after the land of their father’s nativity; and it was away joining the borders of Mormon. Now the Lamanites and the Amalekties and the people of Amulon had built a great city, which was called Jerusalem.


And when Aaron saw that they would not hear his words he departed out of their synagogue, and came over to a village which was called Ani-Anti, and there he found Muloki.

And it came to pass that they saw that the people would harden their hearts, therefore they departed and came over into the land of Middoni. And they did preach the word unto many and few believed on the words which they taught.

And it came to pass that Ammon and Lamoni returned from the land of Middoni to the land of Ishmael, which was the land of their inheritance. Alma 21:1-18


For after he (Aaron) departed from the land of Middoni he was led by the Spirit to the land of Nephi, even to the house of the King which was over all the land save it were the land of Ishmael; and he was the father of Lamoni. Alma 22:1

And it came to pass that the king sent a proclamation throughout all the land, amongst all his people who were in all his land, who were in all the regions round about, (Why round about? Round about what? The west sea or Gulf of Mexico? Its round.) which was bordering even to the sea, on the east and on the west, (This refers to the direction, not name of a sea.) and which was divided from the land of Zarahemla by a narrow strip of wilderness, which ran from the sea east to the sea west, and round about on the borders of the seashore and the borders of the wilderness which was on the north by the land of Zarahemla, through the borders of Manti, (Manti is south of Zarahemla so the wilderness spoken of must be north of the land of Nephi.) by the head of river Sidon, (Head of Sidon is the sum or total of the river, not the beginning of the river; as described in Hebrew) running from the east towards the west-and thus were the Lamanites and the Nephites divided. (Why does Mormon tell us all of this geography? What good is it if we don’t understand the basic geographic layout of the Book of Mormon? Even if we understood the geographic layout, what possible good would come from studying geography? As hard as it was to inscribe on to metal plates, there must be a reason for its existence.)

Now, the more idle part of the Lamanites lived in the wilderness and dwelt in tents; and they were spread through the wilderness on the west in the land of Nephi; yea, and the seashore, and on the west in the land of Nephi, in the place of their fathers’ first inheritance, and thus bordering along by the seashore. And also there were many Lamanites on the east by the seashore, whither the Nephites had driven them. And thus the Nephites were nearly surrounded by the Lamanites; (Let’s see; the Lamanites are on the east, on the south, and on the west of the Nephites! Yep, they are nearly surrounded.)

Nevertheless the Nephites had taken possession of all the northern parts of the land bordering on the wilderness, at the head of the River of Sidon, from the east to the west, round about on the wilderness side; on the north, even until they came to the land which they called Bountiful. (Why was land Bountiful established north of Zarahemla? What was the attraction or incentive? Was it because it was in the wilderness that was filled with all manner of wild life? The land of desolation was a Nephite designation not a Jaradite one. You had to go through land of Desolation before getting to the land of whose bones have been spoken of.)

And it bordered upon the land which they called Desolation, it being so far northward that it came into the land which had been peopled and been destroyed, of whose bones we have spoken, (It is important to understand that it is the Jaredites who are the -they- in this verse, and not the people of Zarahemla. [See footnote d in vs. 30 of Alma 22: first landing.] This wasn’t clarified until the new scriptures were published in the early 1980s. If the verse referred to the people of Zarahemla, it would indicate that the Mulekites landed north of the land of Desolation, which is not the case.) which was discovered by the people of Zarahemla, it being the place of their first landing. (This refers to the Jaredites.)

And they came from there up (Up? Didn’t they come from the north to the south?) into the south wilderness. (To the Jaredites the south wilderness was the land Bountiful. To the Nephites, the south wilderness was south of Zarahemla) Thus the land on the northward was called Desolation, and the land on the southward was called Bountiful, (That’s if you are standing on the line or border of the land Bountiful and the land Desolation.) it being the wilderness which is filled with all manner of wild animals of every king, a part of which had come from the land northward for food. (Coming from the land of Desolation southward to the land Bountiful.)

And now, it was only the distance of a day a half’s journey (There must have been a space between the line Bountiful and the border of the land of Desolation that extended all the way across from the east to the west sea that took a day and a half to cross. (How far is a day and a half’s journey? It depends on how you are traveling or the method of travel. They did have horses.)) for a Nephite, on the line Bountiful (The line Bountiful is the boarder line separating it from the land of Desolation.) and the land Desolation from the east to the west sea; (This is confusing when you only think of the land Bountiful and the land Desolation running east and west. When looking at the major rivers in the U.S., one could see how the boundaries of these lands could run east and west as well as north and south. Look in the book He Walked the Americas; page 200. The Algonquin Indian occupation of the U.S.: it’s interesting – He Walked the Americas, L. Taylor Hansen, Legend Press copyright 1961, twenty – first printing 1997) and thus the land of Nephi and the land of Zarahemla were nearly surrounded by water, there being a small neck (Is this the same as the narrow neck of land or the same as the narrow pass?) of land between the land northward and the land southward. (Is this the same northward and southward spoken of in Heleman 6:10?)

And it came to pass that the Nephites had inhabited the land Bountiful, even from the east (Does this mean from the east or from the east sea?) unto the west sea, and thus the Nephites in their wisdom, with their guards and their armies, had hemmed in the Lamanites on the south, (How do you hem in the Lamanites all away across the country: like the U.S. does with Mexico? That would be too difficult unless you have a narrow route or bottleneck by which to hem them in. Perhaps the Nephites had two with something like the west sea dividing them. Is that why the Nephites had a two-front war with the Lamanites in the later chapters of Alma and first chapters of Helaman?) that thereby they should have no more possession on the north, that they might not overrun the land northward.

Therefore the Lamanites could have no more possessions (In the north) only in the land of Nephi, and the wilderness round about. Now this was wisdom in the Nephites as the Lamanites were an enemy to them, they would not suffer their afflictions on every hand, and also that they might have a country whither they might flee, according to their desires. Alma 22:27-34 (Which the Nephites eventually had to do.)

And thousands were brought to the knowledge of the Lord, and as many of the Lamanites as believed in their preachings and were converted unto the Lord, never did fall away. Now these are they who were converted unto the Lord; the people of the Lamanites who were in the land of Ishmael, the land of Middoni, the city of Nephi, the land of Shemlon, and the land of Shilom, and the city of Lemuel and the city of Shimnilom.

And it came to pass that they called their names Anti-Nephi-Lehies; and they were called by this name and were no more called Lamanites. Alma 23:5-17

And it came to pass that the Amalekites and the Amulonites and the Lamanites who were in the land of Amulon, and also in the land of Helam, and who were in the land of Jerusalem, and in fine, in all the land round about who had not been converted and had not taken upon them the name of Anti-Nephi-Lehi, were stirred up by the Amalekites and by the Amulonites to anger against their brethren.

Now when Ammon and his brethren and all those who had come up with him saw that preparations of the Lamanites to destroy their brethren, they came forth to the land of Midian, and there Ammon met all his brethren; and from thence they came to the land of Ishmael that they might hold a council with Lamoni and also with his brother Anti-Nephi-Lehi, what they should do to defend themselves against the Lamanites.

Now there was not one soul that would take up arms against their brethren, (so) they took their swords and all their weapons and did bury them up (What does up mean? Does up in this case mean into?) deep in the earth.

Now when the Lamanites saw that their brethren would not flee from the sword, they were more angry because they had slain their brethren; therefore they swore vengeance upon the Nephites; and they did no more attempt to slay the people of Anti-Nephi-Lehi at that time.

But they took their armies and went over into the borders of the land of Zarahemla and fell upon the people who were in the land of Ammonihah and destroyed them. And after that, they had many battles with the Nephites in the which they were driven and slain.

And among the Lamanites who were slain were almost all the seed of Amulon and his brethren, who were the priests of Noah, and they were slain by the hands of the Nephites; and the remainder having fled into the east wilderness, and having usurped power and authority over the Lamanites caused that many of the Lamanites should perish by fire because of their belief. Alma 24:1-23; 25:1-5

And it came to pass that when the Lamanites saw that they could not over power the Nephites they returned again to their own land; and many of them came over to dwell in the land of Ishmael and the land of Nephi, and did join themselves to the people of God, who were the people of Anti-Nephi-Lehi. Alma 25:13

And it came to pass that the Amalekites, because of their loss, were exceedingly angry. And when they saw that they could not seek revenge from the Nephites, they began to stir up the people in anger against their brethren, the people of Anti-Nephi-Lehi; therefore they began again to destroy them.

And the Lord said: Get this people out of this land that they perish not; for Satan has great hold on the hearts of the Amalekites.

And all their people, yea all the people of the Lord did gather together all their flocks and herds, and departed out of the land, and came into the wilderness (Was this the narrow strip of wilderness or the south wilderness?) which divided the land of Nephi from the land of Zarahemla, and came over near the borders of the land. Alma 27:2-14

And now it came to pass that as Alma was journeying from the land of Gideon southward, away to the land of Manti, (Was the land of Gideon north of Manti?) behold to his astonishment, he met with the sons of Mosiah journeying towards the land of Zarahemla. (Manti must have been between the land of Zarahemla and the land of Nephi. Also, it must have been south of Zarahemla like the land of Gideon.) And Alma conducted his brethren back to the land of Zarahemla. Alma 17:1

And it came to pass that the chief judge sent a proclamation throughout all the land, desiring the voice of the people concerning the admitting their brethren, who were the people of Anti-Nephi-Lehi. And it came to pass that the voice of the people came, saying: Behold, we will give up the land of Jershon, which is on the east (Was this east of Zarahemla?) by the sea, which joins the land Bountiful, which is on the south of the land Bountiful; which we will give unto our brethren for an inheritance. And behold, we will set our armies between the land of Jershon and the land of Nephi, (The land of Nephi must have been east of Zarahemla, east of Jershon or at least east of the route to the land of Nephi.) that we may protect our brethren in that land Jershon; and this we do for our brethren, on account of their fear to take up arms. Alma 27:21-23

Now the Zoramites had gathered themselves together in the land which they called Antionum, which was east of the land of Zarahemla, which lay nearly bordering upon the seashore, (Was this the west sea?) which was south of the land of Jershon, which also bordered upon the wilderness south, which wilderness was full of the Lamanites. Alma 31:3

Now it came to pass that after Amulek had made an end of these words, they withdrew themselves from the multitude (Zoramites) and came over into the land of Jershon. Yea, and rest of the brethren, after they had preached the word unto the Zoramites, also came over into the land of Jershon.

And the people of Ammon departed out of the land of Jershon, and came over into the land of Melek, (This was west of the River Sidon and north of Zarahemla.) and gave place in the land Jershon for the armies of the Nephites. Alma 35:1, 13